A number of good medieval hammer photographs I found:
Image by Morgon Mae
I made this Viking princess costume out of linen, multicolored trim, glass beads, and Tremendous Sculpey polymer clay, which I spray painted gold.
Reenactment fanatic Girl Muireann ingen Eoghain ua Maoil Mheaghna provided the pattern for the underdress (http://www.forest.gen.nz/Medieval/content articles/Tunics/TUNICS.HTML). This was a tremendous simple pattern that turned out wonderful–I virtually failed to want to cover it with the apron gown. I had a ton of extra ease under the arms, so if I use this pattern once more I’ll reduce individuals items from the start off. As you can see, the apron sits a bit also reduced. I could only use it so higher due to the fact of the bulk in the sleeves. Lady Nastassiia Ivanova Medvedeva furnished the pattern for the apron dress, which will take some tricky folding to get started out. I may possibly try a diverse pattern up coming time if I can find a single that isn’t going to require starting up out with a split panel, but I respect equally of these designs because they waste practically nothing and make shapely dresses out of rectangles. I may nonetheless go back again and tailor equally garments a bit, but they won’t be able to be too fitted as they absence closures.
I selected navy blue for the apron gown since I’d study that blue cloth was prized in the Sagas and that the dark color that outcomes from successive dyings was most valuable. I created the underdress out of material I had on hand. The beads are a combination of bulk beads from a craft keep and some that I had on hand. Much more period of time-correct beads almost certainly would have had a matte finish.
The Brooches are really simplified, and the Thor’s hammer is a simplified edition of this one particular: www.corbisimages.com/Enlargement/WF002113.html, which I identified in a guide.
Image by Morgon Mae
I built this Viking princess costume out of linen, multicolored trim, glass beads, and Super Sculpey polymer clay, which I spray painted gold.
Reenactment fanatic Woman Muireann ingen Eoghain ua Maoil Mheaghna furnished the pattern for the underdress (http://www.forest.gen.nz/Medieval/articles/Tunics/TUNICS.HTML). This was a super easy pattern that turned out wonderful–I practically didn’t want to cover it with the apron gown. I had a ton of further ease under the arms, so if I use this pattern yet again I am going to reduce people items from the start off. As you can see, the apron sits a bit too lower. I could only use it so large since of the bulk in the sleeves. Woman Nastassiia Ivanova Medvedeva furnished the pattern for the apron dress, which requires some tough folding to get started out. I may possibly try a various pattern following time if I can discover a single that isn’t going to require beginning out with a split panel, but I respect the two of these designs because they waste absolutely nothing and make shapely dresses out of rectangles. I may well nevertheless go back again and tailor each clothes a bit, but they won’t be able to be also fitted as they absence closures.
I selected navy blue for the apron dress due to the fact I’d examine that blue fabric was prized in the Sagas and that the dim colour that final results from successive dyings was most beneficial. I created the underdress out of cloth I had on hand. The beads are a combination of bulk beads from a craft retailer and some that I had on hand. A lot more time period-accurate beads possibly would have had a matte end.
The Brooches are fairly simplified, and the Thor’s hammer is a simplified model of this 1: www.corbisimages.com/Enlargement/WF002113.html, which I identified in a e-book.
Uk – Wiltshire – Stonehenge
Image by wallyg
Stonehenge is a single of the most famous prehistoric sites in the world. Above time, legend and principle has ascribed it every little thing from Merlin the wizard, the Devil, and Aliens to the Romans, Danes and Saxons. The very first academic hard work, in 1640 by John Aubrey, credited the Druids and for astronimical or calendrical reasons. By the 19th century, archaelogical findings dated it to the Bronze Age and carbon dating has pegged building of the monument from about 3100 BC to 1600 BC. These datings debunked most of the popular theories. Well-liked viewpoint now holds that it was most likely created as either an astronomical observatory or for spiritual rituals linked to the solstices, harvests and/or the dead. Its alignments with the sun and moon look as well coincidental for there not to be correlation, but it is difficult to fathom primitive male having this kind of a grasp more than science.
The outermost aspect is the Avenue, which runs straight down a gentle slope for 530m, consisting of twin banks about 12m apart with internal ditches. It starts at the entrance to the enclosure where the Heel Stone, a large sub-rectangular upright unworked sarsen stone (with a mini thickness of 8 ft, rising to a bluntly pointed best sixteen ft higher) stands. When viewed from the centre of the circle, it shows the route of the midsummer sunrise. Excavations reveal it is buried four feet in the floor and suggest that it could have been 1 of a pair.
Lying within the entrance is a fallen sixteen ft lengthy sarsen stone, recognized as the Slaughter Stone. Arranged all around the internal edge of the lender were originally four modest uprights, the Station Stones, of which two are nevertheless visible. Quickly adjacent to the lender is a ring of 56 pits, recognized as the Aubrey Holes, marked by circular concrete spots. Some of these holes held cremated human continues to be, but none ended up utilized for posts or stones. The area amongst the inner edge of the bank and the outermost stone configurations incorporates at minimum two more configurations of pits: the Y and Z holes.
The Sarsen Circle, the outermost stone setting, is composed of a constant ring of upright sarsens (17 of the original 30 stand), every much more than twenty five tonnes, with horizontal lintels. The edges are smoothed into a mild curve which follows the line of the total circle.
The Blue Stones Cresecent, arranged in a double crescent setting within the Sarsen Circle, consisted originally of about 60 stones, of which a lot of have fallen, dissolved or been crushed.
The Sarsen Horeshoe, set inside the two circles, consists of 5 sarsen trilithons, each and every comprising a pair of upright topped by lintel. Even though now fragmentary, the arrangement shows the watchful grading of the 5 trilithons, the tallest of which is 6.7m higher above ground degree. Enfolded inside of this enormous horseshoe lies a scaled-down horseshoe arrangement of upright bluestones.
Stonehenge as we know it most likely advanced via many phases. The adhering to is the existing timeline as offered by English Heritage.
Stage I, c3000BC. The very first monument was the surving circular earthen financial institution and ditch (or henge) and Aubrey Holes.
Phase II, c2900-2400BC: Wood structures ended up extra. Excavations have unveiled a complex pattern of article holes in the centre of the henge as properly as at the northeastern and southern entrances. Practically nothing stays of the posts and minor is acknowledged about their seem or perform. Speculative use consists of tribal markers or supports for roofed buildings.
Stage III, c2600-1600BC: The final phase, covering a interval of one thousand many years, is marked by a change from developing in wood to building in stone. Around 2600 BC, the blue stones were transported 385km (240 miles) from the Preseli Mountains in South Wales. It is even now unknown what make these stones particular sufficient to warrant the considerable undertaking of transport. In the Early Bronze Age, the sarsens were transported more than 30km (19 miles) from the Marlborough Downs. It was also an amazing job to erect the stones, safe them with each other with innovative joints, and shape their rough surface area with stone hammers. Some of the stones have carvings, hunting like daggers and axes. It is also for the duration of this time period that the Avenue was developed. For the duration of this interval, the blue stones had been rearranged at minimum three times. It looks as however this stage was left unfinished due to the fact the Y and Z holes ended up prepared outdoors the circle but never ever used.