James III, King of Scotland, excellent-grandfather of Mary, Queen of Scots

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James III, King of Scotland, fantastic-grandfather of Mary, Queen of Scots
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Image by lisby1
James III (ten July 1451 – eleven June 1488) was King of Scots from 1460 to 1488. James was an unpopular and ineffective monarch owing to an unwillingness to administer justice pretty, a policy of pursuing alliance with the Kingdom of England, and a disastrous romantic relationship with almost all his prolonged family members.

His track record as the very first renaissance monarch in Scotland has often been exaggerated, primarily based on late chronicle attacks on him for being more intrigued in this sort of unmanly pursuits as new music than hunting, riding and leading his kingdom into war. In fact the creative legacy of his reign is slight, specially when compared to that of his son, James IV and grandson, James V. This kind of evidence as there is is made up of portrait coins made during his reign, exhibiting the king in a few-quarter profile, and donning an imperial crown, the Trinity Altarpiece by Hugo van der Goes, which was probably not commissioned by the king, and an uncommon hexagonal chapel at Restalrig in the vicinity of Edinburgh, probably inspired by the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem.

He was born to James II of Scotland and Mary of Guelders. His precise date and place of birth have been a make a difference of discussion — even though not since the 1950s. Claims were produced that he was born in Might 1452, or 10 or 20 July 1451. The place of birth was possibly Stirling Castle or the Castle of St Andrews, relying on the calendar year. His most current biographer, the historian Norman Macdougall, argued strongly for late May possibly 1452 at St Andrews, Fife. He succeeded his father, James II on 3 August 1460, and was crowned at Kelso Abbey, Roxburghshire a week afterwards.

James married Margaret of Denmark in July 1469 at Holyrood Abbey, Edinburgh. The marriage produced 3 sons:

* James IV of Scotland
* James Stewart, Duke of Ross
* John Stewart, Earl of Mar

James’s policies during the 1470s revolved mostly about bold continental schemes for territorial growth, and alliance with England. Among 1471 and 1473 he proposed annexations or invasions of Brittany, Saintonge and Guelders. These unrealistic aims resulted in parliamentary criticism, particularly because the king was reluctant to offer with the much more humdrum organization of administering justice at property.

In 1474 a marriage alliance was agreed with Edward IV of England, by which the long term James IV of Scotland was to marry Princess Cecily of York, daughter of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville. It may possibly have been a wise move for Scotland, but it went against the traditional enmity of the two nations around the world dating back to the reign of Robert I and the Wars of Independence, not to point out the vested interests of the border nobility. The alliance, for that reason (and the taxes elevated to pay out for the marriage) was at minimum a single of the causes why the king was unpopular by 1479.

Also throughout the 1470s conflict produced in between the king and his two brothers, Alexander, Duke of Albany and John, Earl of Mar. Mar died suspiciously in Edinburgh in 1480 and his estates were forfeited and probably given to a royal favorite, Robert Cochrane. Albany fled to France in 1479, accused of treason and breaking the alliance with England.

But by 1479 the alliance was collapsing, and war with England existed on an intermittent amount in 1480-1482. In 1482 Edward released a total-scale invasion, led by the Duke of Gloucester, the future Richard III, and such as the Duke of Albany, styled &quotAlexander IV&quot, as element of the invasion celebration. James, in making an attempt to lead his topics towards the invasion, was arrested by a group of disaffected nobles, at Lauder Bridge in July 1482. It has been suggested that the nobles had been previously in league with Albany. The king was imprisoned in Edinburgh Castle, and a new regime, led by ‘lieutenant-general’ Albany, grew to become established in the course of the autumn of 1482. Meanwhile the English army, unable to consider Edinburgh Castle, ran out of money and returned to England, getting taken Berwick-on-Tweed for the last time.

James was in a position to regain electricity, purchasing off members of Albany federal government, so that by the December 1482 Parliament Albany’s federal government was collapsing. In distinct his try to declare the vacant earldom of Mar led to the intervention of the effective George Gordon, 2nd Earl of Huntly on the king’s side.

In January 1483 Albany fled to his estates at Dunbar. The death of his patron, Edward IV, on nine April, left Albany in a weak situation, and he fled about the border to England. He remained there until finally 1484, when he released one more abortive invasion at Lochmaben. One more tried return has been argued to have occurred in 1485, when (admittedly suspect) accounts recommend he escaped from Edinburgh Castle on a rope created of sheets. Undoubtedly his appropriate-hand man, James Liddale of Halkerston, was arrested and executed around that time. Albany was killed in a joust in Paris later on that calendar year.

Regardless of his lucky escape in 1482, when he easily could have been murdered or executed in an try to bring his son to the throne, in the course of the 1480s James did not reform his behaviour. Obsessive makes an attempt to safe alliance with England ongoing, even though they created minor sense given the prevailing politics. He continued to favour a group of ‘familiars’, unpopular with the far more strong magnates. He refused to journey for the implementation of justice, and remained invariably resident in Edinburgh. He was also estranged from his spouse, Margaret of Denmark, who lived in Stirling, and ever more his eldest son. Rather he favoured his 2nd son.

Issues came to a head in 1488 when he faced an army elevated by the disaffected nobles, and numerous former councillors at the Battle of Sauchieburn, and was defeated and killed. His heir, the future James IV, took arms from his father, provoked by the favouritism provided to his more youthful brother.

Persistent legends, dependent on the extremely coloured and unreliable accounts of 16th century chroniclers this kind of as Robert Lindsay of Pitscottie, John Leslie and George Buchanan, claim that James III was assassinated at Milltown, around Bannockburn, shortly soon after the fight. There is no contemporary proof to assistance this account, nor the allegation that he fled the battle, nor the tale that his assassin impersonated a priest in order to strategy James.

A story is told that, on the eve of the Fight of Sauchieburn, Sir David Lindsay, son of Sir John, Lord Lindsay of the Byres, offered James III with a &quotgreat grey horse&quot that would have him quicker than any other horse into or absent from the battle. Sadly, the horse threw the king in the course of the fight, and James III was either killed in the fall, or was completed off by enemy soldiers.

Whatever his other faults, James does not look to have been a coward nor (as Pitscottie claimed) did he keep away from conflict or ‘manly pursuits’. He actively pursued military conflict in 1482 and 1488 with disastrous benefits, and regularly proposed unrealistic schemes to take armies to the continent. It is most probable that he was killed in the warmth of battle. James is buried at Cambuskenneth Abbey.

halloween, masselink style
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Picture by misslicorice
I am a homicidal housewife and Kara is donning Ashley’s Renaissance garb.

Venus y Selene
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Image by Paco CT
Selene – Moon – Luna

In post-Renaissance art, Selene is generally depicted as a beautiful female with a pale encounter, riding a silver chariot pulled by a yoke of oxen or a pair of horses. Frequently, she has been demonstrated riding a horse or bull, sporting robes and a 50 %-moon on her head and carrying a torch. Essentially, Selene is the moon goddess but is basically defined as ‘the moon’ (from the Wikipedia)

En el arte, Selene era representada como una mujer hermosa de rostro pálido, conduciendo un carro de plata tirado por un yugo de bueyes blancos o un par de caballos. A menudo era mostrada montando un caballo o un toro, vistiendo túnicas, llevando una media luna sobre su cabeza y portando una antorcha. (de la Wikipedia)


En la mitología romana Venus era una importante diosa principalmente relacionada con el amor, la belleza y la fertilidad. Su equivalente aproximada en la mitología griega era Afrodita, si bien la Venus romana era mucho más poderosa y reverenciada. Era esposa de Vulcano y consideraba ancestro del pueblo romano mediante su legendario fundador, Eneas, jugando un papel essential en muchas festividades y mitos religiosos romanos. (de la Wikipedia)

Venus was a main Roman goddess principally related with enjoy and attractiveness and fertility, the equal of the Greek goddess Aphrodite. She was the consort of Vulcan. She was deemed the ancestor of the Roman people by way of its famous founder, Aeneas, and played a essential purpose in a lot of Roman religious festivals and myths. (from the Wikipedia)

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