The Saint Maurice of Turin

A number of nice medieval sword photographs I located:

The Saint Maurice of Turin
medieval sword
Image by Albion Europe ApS
Saint Maurice of Turin
The Sword of Saint Maurice (Turin) is 1 of the best preserved 13th century swords. It is a huge sword, definitely supposed for use from horseback.

From our very own knowledge with our recreation, we have found that it is very best weilded with the forefinger more than the guard.

About St. Maurice St. Maurice is thought to have been an officer in a legion of Christian troopers from Higher Egypt during the reign of Emperor Maximian Herculius, circa 287.

His legion, Legio Thebiae (Theban Legion), is believed to have been composed of as a lot of as 6,600 Egyptian Christian Copts who had been at first recruited from and stationed in Thebias in Upper Egypt. Maximian transferred the Theban Legion, among other imperial models, to Gaul in an work to crush a Gaulish revolt. The total Theban legion was massacred en masse by their individual aspect when they refused to participate in pagan sacrifices at Aaunum, an place of contemporary Switzerland.

The earliest surviving evidence for St. Maurice is composed of a letter composed throughout the early fifth century. It names a late 4th century bishop, Theodore of Octodurum, as the discoverer of the relics of St. Maurice and his companions. The simple fact that St. Maurice is stated to have belonged to a legion known as the Thebiae, which was stationed in northern Italy in the early 5th century at the latest, suggests that Theodore invented the tale of St. Maurice in purchase to appeal to this legion for political factors. One particular likelihood is that he had been hoping to persuade the legion not to accept the usurper Eugenius as their new emperor in 392.

Saint Maurice is a single of the most common saints in western Europe. There are above 650 sacred spots bearing his title in France alone and more than seventy cities bear his title. In the Middle Ages, Saint Maurice was the patron saint of a quantity of the dynasties of Europe and of the Holy Roman emperors, several of whom have been anointed ahead of the Altar of Saint Maurice at Saint Peter’s Cathedral in Rome. King Sigismund of Burgundy donated land for a monastery in his honor in 515. Henry I (919-936) ceded the Swiss province of Aargua in exchange for the Lance of the Saints and yet another sacred relic, the Sword of Saint Maurice (Vienna), which served as the coronation sword of the emperors of the Holy Roman Empire (Germany and Austria, at times with areas of Italy) for more than 700 years. The Vienna sword was last employed in the coronation of Emperor Karl of Austria as king of Hungary in 1916 and is now is kept in the Weltliche Schatzkammer, Vienna . Saint Maurice’s feast day is September 22.

For additional details about the swords of St. Maurice, see this extremely informative post by Björn Hellqvist on Björns svärdssida.

The Sword As opposed to the other sword attributed to St. Maurice that resides in Vienna, the Turin St. Maurice was kept with each other with relics of the saint. The sword was considered to have been the a single employed to behead St. Maurice, though it is evidently a 13th century sword.

At first in the Treasury of the Abbey of St. Maurice in the Valois (Switzerland), in 1591 Carol Emanuele I of Savoy transferred the sword, collectively with 50 percent the bones of St. Maurice, to the Royal Chapel at Turin.

Considering that 1858, the sword has been exhibited in the Armeria Reale (Royal Armory) in Turin and has the stock quantity AR G 25. It is in a really fine state of preservation – hunting virtually as if it was forged yesterday. The sword is considered to have been made in the 1st 50 percent of the 13th century.

As opposed to its identify-sake in Vienna, this is extremely considerably a no-frills fighting sword without having any embellishments. The iron pommel is a so-referred to as &quotBrazil nut&quot pommel of Oakeshott’s kind A. The grip is created of wood coated with skinny, brown leather, parchment or perhaps even linen, some of which has dried and peeled away throughout the centuries. The iron cross is of Oakeshott’s design six, a bit bent-down and with flattened tips.

The steel blade is an Oakeshott form XII and has a fairly wide (one/three of the blade width), shallow fuller managing about the a few quarter’s duration of the blade.

There are some marks engraved on the two sides of the blade: H + H and + H +, respectively.

A single explanation why the sword is in these kinds of a good issue is probably due to the fact it was saved in a special leather scenario. The circumstance is made of finely tooled and embellished dark brown leather and gesso duro (a form of plaster). It was fashioned in the years 1434-38, which is evident from the style of armor worn by the saint painted on the hilt conclude of the circumstance. Other decorations are the arms of Savoy, Piedmont and Genoa, and an inscription in Latin: O bone mauricii defende tui cor amici ut nunquam subici laqueis possit inimici.

Peter Johnsson states: &quotJust by getting close to this sword, specially given that it is not according to modern ideas, tends to make one produce a deeper comprehension for what the medieval sword was all about. This is a single finish of the spectrum. This is 1 of individuals absolutely committed, unabashed and no nonsense swords. It is not about finesse, but absolutely about when and where to use. It´s usefulness is not becoming brought out by tentatively chopping the air. It can take a full swing towards a target to comprehend what this a single is all about. I have been waiting eagerly to see this one particular accomplished. Managing the first was one particular of my finest moments yet. It created a very strong impression on me, having the authentic in my hand. This sword is not about [aesthetics]. It is just what it is: no prettyfying, just the brutal basics. And still it is not undignified or unevolved. In its own way it is really effectively planned out and executed. &quot

Sword @ Ashmolean
medieval sword
Picture by Ergonomik
Medieval Sword

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