hammer

Cool Medieval Hammer photos

by admin on December 10, 2011

Some cool medieval hammer photos:

United kingdom – Wiltshire – Stonehenge
medieval hammer

Image by wallyg
Stonehenge is 1 of the most renowned prehistoric web sites in the globe. Over time, legend and theory has ascribed it every little thing from Merlin the wizard, the Devil, and Aliens to the Romans, Danes and Saxons. The initial educational work, in 1640 by John Aubrey, credited the Druids and for astronimical or calendrical functions. By the 19th century, archaelogical findings dated it to the Bronze Age and carbon dating has pegged building of the monument from about 3100 BC to 1600 BC. These datings debunked most of the popular theories. Popular viewpoint now holds that it was very likely built as either an astronomical observatory or for religious rituals connected to the solstices, harvests and/or the lifeless. Its alignments with the sun and moon appear too coincidental for there not to be correlation, but it is hard to fathom primitive guy obtaining such a grasp more than science.

The outermost component is the Voie, which runs straight down a light slope for 530m, consisting of twin banking institutions about 12m apart with inner ditches. It commences at the entrance to the enclosure in which the Heel Stone, a significant sub-rectangular upright unworked sarsen stone (with a mini thickness of 8 ft, soaring to a bluntly pointed best 16 ft high) stands. When viewed from the centre of the circle, it displays the course of the midsummer sunrise. Excavations expose it is buried 4 ft in the floor and suggest that it could have been 1 of a pair.

Lying in the entrance is a fallen 16 ft long sarsen stone, known as the Slaughter Stone. Arranged close to the internal edge of the financial institution were at first four modest uprights, the Station Stones, of which two are nevertheless noticeable. Right away adjacent to the financial institution is a ring of 56 pits, identified as the Aubrey Holes, marked by circular concrete spots. Some of these holes held cremated human stays, but none had been utilised for posts or stones. The area between the internal edge of the lender and the outermost stone settings consists of at minimum two even more configurations of pits: the Y and Z holes.

The Sarsen Circle, the outermost stone environment, consists of a ongoing ring of upright sarsens (17 of the original 30 stand), every more than twenty five tonnes, with horizontal lintels. The edges are smoothed into a mild curve which follows the line of the whole circle.

The Blue Stones Cresecent, arranged in a double crescent environment inside of the Sarsen Circle, consisted originally of about 60 stones, of which several have fallen, dissolved or been crushed.

The Sarsen Horeshoe, set within the two circles, is made up of 5 sarsen trilithons, each comprising a pair of upright topped by lintel. Though now fragmentary, the arrangement shows the mindful grading of the five trilithons, the tallest of which is six.7m higher higher than ground level. Enfolded within this substantial horseshoe lies a smaller horseshoe arrangement of upright bluestones.

Stonehenge as we know it very likely progressed by means of numerous phases. The following is the current timeline as presented by English Heritage.

Cycle I, c3000BC. The 1st monument was the surving circular earthen bank and ditch (or henge) and Aubrey Holes.

Phase II, c2900-2400BC: Wood structures had been added. Excavations have exposed a challenging pattern of submit holes in the centre of the henge as properly as at the northeastern and southern entrances. Nothing at all stays of the posts and little is acknowledged about their appear or operate. Speculative use contains tribal markers or supports for roofed structures.

Cycle III, c2600-1600BC: The last stage, covering a interval of one thousand several years, is marked by a change from building in wood to creating in stone. Around 2600 BC, the blue stones had been transported 385km (240 miles) from the Preseli Mountains in South Wales. It is even now unfamiliar what make these stones special ample to warrant the considerable undertaking of transport. In the Early Bronze Age, the sarsens were transported around 30km (19 miles) from the Marlborough Downs. It was also an amazing process to erect the stones, protected them together with sophisticated joints, and form their tough surface with stone hammers. Some of the stones have carvings, seeking like daggers and axes. It is also during this interval that the Avenue was constructed. During this period, the blue stones ended up rearranged at minimum three instances. It appears as although this cycle was left unfinished simply because the Y and Z holes had been well prepared exterior the circle but in no way used.

United kingdom – Wiltshire – Stonehenge
medieval hammer

Image by wallyg
Stonehenge is one particular of the most famous prehistoric websites in the globe. Over time, legend and idea has ascribed it every little thing from Merlin the wizard, the Devil, and Aliens to the Romans, Danes and Saxons. The very first academic effort, in 1640 by John Aubrey, credited the Druids and for astronimical or calendrical purposes. By the 19th century, archaelogical findings dated it to the Bronze Age and carbon dating has pegged construction of the monument from about 3100 BC to 1600 BC. These datings debunked most of the well-known theories. Common opinion now retains that it was probably constructed as possibly an astronomical observatory or for religious rituals linked to the solstices, harvests and/or the lifeless. Its alignments with the sunshine and moon seem to be also coincidental for there not to be correlation, but it is challenging to fathom primitive male obtaining this sort of a grasp more than science.

The outermost component is the Voie, which runs straight down a gentle slope for 530m, consisting of twin financial institutions about 12m apart with inner ditches. It starts at the entrance to the enclosure wherever the Heel Stone, a large sub-rectangular upright unworked sarsen stone (with a mini thickness of 8 ft, soaring to a bluntly pointed top 16 ft high) stands. When viewed from the centre of the circle, it displays the route of the midsummer sunrise. Excavations reveal it is buried 4 feet in the floor and recommend that it may have been one of a pair.

Lying inside the entrance is a fallen sixteen ft long sarsen stone, identified as the Slaughter Stone. Arranged around the inner edge of the lender had been initially four small uprights, the Station Stones, of which two are nevertheless visible. Instantly adjacent to the lender is a ring of 56 pits, recognized as the Aubrey Holes, marked by circular concrete spots. Some of these holes held cremated human continues to be, but none had been employed for posts or stones. The area in between the inner edge of the lender and the outermost stone settings consists of at least two more configurations of pits: the Y and Z holes.

The Sarsen Circle, the outermost stone setting, is made up of a constant ring of upright sarsens (17 of the genuine 30 stand), each and every much more than twenty five tonnes, with horizontal lintels. The edges are smoothed into a light curve which follows the line of the total circle.

The Blue Stones Cresecent, organized in a double crescent setting within the Sarsen Circle, consisted initially of about 60 stones, of which a lot of have fallen, dissolved or been crushed.

The Sarsen Horeshoe, set inside the two circles, is composed of 5 sarsen trilithons, each and every comprising a pair of upright topped by lintel. Though now fragmentary, the arrangement exhibits the watchful grading of the 5 trilithons, the tallest of which is 6.7m large over floor level. Enfolded inside of this enormous horseshoe lies a scaled-down horseshoe arrangement of upright bluestones.

Stonehenge as we know it very likely advanced by way of several phases. The next is the existing timeline as introduced by English Heritage.

Phase I, c3000BC. The very first monument was the surving circular earthen financial institution and ditch (or henge) and Aubrey Holes.

Stage II, c2900-2400BC: Wooden structures were added. Excavations have unveiled a complicated pattern of post holes in the centre of the henge as effectively as at the northeastern and southern entrances. Nothing continues to be of the posts and tiny is recognized about their appear or perform. Speculative use includes tribal markers or supports for roofed structures.

Phase III, c2600-1600BC: The final cycle, covering a interval of 1000 a long time, is marked by a alter from building in wood to constructing in stone. About 2600 BC, the blue stones had been transported 385km (240 miles) from the Preseli Mountains in South Wales. It is nevertheless unknown what make these stones specific sufficient to warrant the significant endeavor of transport. In the Early Bronze Age, the sarsens were transported more than 30km (19 miles) from the Marlborough Downs. It was also an unbelievable process to erect the stones, protected them jointly with refined joints, and shape their rough surface with stone hammers. Some of the stones have carvings, looking like daggers and axes. It is also throughout this period that the Avenue was developed. In the course of this time period, the blue stones have been rearranged at least three instances. It appears as though this cycle was left unfinished simply because the Y and Z holes had been ready outside the circle but in no way utilised.

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Schleich Lion Coat of Arms Foot-Soldier with War Hammer

  • Schleich Knights
  • Lion Coat Of Arms
  • Foot Soldier With Warhammer
  • Product Dimensions: 3.five
  • Ages four+

Guardian laced in gold, the Foot Soldier is assured a win with his warhammer.Though his weapon appears ordinary, the Warhammer was substantially much more lethal than a lance or sword. It could ruin even the best armor. Schleich’s Foot Soldier is at an benefit with his arms.Scale: app. 1:twenty

Checklist Value: $ six.99

Price: $ 15.99

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Great Medieval Hammer photographs

by admin on December 2, 2011

A few good medieval hammer pictures I found:

David Oscarson Valhalla Selection #033/088
medieval hammer

Picture by s.yume
The Valhalla Selection is the ninth in the David Oscarson™ sequence of Constrained Edition writing instruments. Created in 3 color variations, each and every will be constrained to manufacturing of 88 pieces (including fountain pens and roller balls).

From the Bronze Age to medieval times, Viking mythology was the faith of Scandinavia. Nowadays, legends of the Vikings are current in all cultures as a outcome of their capacity to travel and plunder, leaving their marks across the deal with of Europe and the acknowledged world. Recognized for their ‘longships’ and crude weaponry, the Vikings also created a crude runic alphabet, noticed chiseled into huge granite rocks, called rune stones they can be noticed across most of modern day-day Europe.

Valhalla (Valhöll) practically translated implies ‘Hall of the Slain” and is in essence a Viking heaven, or ‘Otherworld’ into which Viking warriors pass upon leaving this daily life. It is a wonderful structure – much like a Roman Coliseum – with 640 doorways, by way of every of which 960 champions can march shoulder to shoulder. Its rafters are spear shafts and its tiles are shields of gold. Here, fallen champions spend all day gaming and fighting a single an additional in battle. At the finish of the day, the dead and wounded are all healed, so they can devote the evening feasting on the flesh of a boar whose flesh in no way diminishes and consuming from the udders of a magic goat.

In Valhalla, a few Viking gods prevail: the Nordic Trinity, Odin, Thor and Frey.

Odin, ‘God of the Slain’ and ‘All-Father’ lives through all ages ruling his kingdom absolutely, governing all issues excellent and tiny. He fashioned Heaven and Earth and is also credited for creating Man and offering him an immortal spirit ‘which shall never ever perish however the body crumble to dust or burn to ashes’. Odin is also the patron god of poetry and one of his poems slithers in the sort of a serpent in high relief on the cap of the Valhalla Selection. Virtually translated from runic script, the poem reads ‘he who would study the sacred runes is wise to waste no words’. Odin’s identify is the basis for our present day day Wednesday (Odinsdag).

Thor is of course the God of Thunder. He is the guardian of the globe – equally of gods and men. His mighty hammer Mjöllnir is a quick-dealt with weapon (the dwarf who forged it was interrupted in his work by a gnat stinging him on the eyelid). Named soon after lightning, or actually ‘ a thunderbolt’ it can be swung or thrown, and will constantly return to his hand like a boomerang. It is with this weapon that Thor maintains the balance of the planet and keeps forces of chaos in check out. Thor’s name is the foundation for our modern day Thursday (Thorsdag).

Frey is the god of fertility. He is the noblest of gods. He controls the rain and sunshine and therefore the natural improve of the earth and it is good to get in touch with on him for fruitful seasons and for peace he also controls the excellent fortunes of men. Frey was the paramount god of the Swedes and revered as the divine ancestor of their kings. Frey is stated to have created the wonderful temple at Uppsala (just north of Stockholm) when he manufactured it his chief seat and the Swedes manufactured sacrifices to him at weddings: ‘He bestows peace and satisfaction on mortals’. In Norse mythology, Frey is remembered as a image of the divine marriage in between the sky and the earth that produces Spring. (His twin sister, Freyja, is the most excellent of the goddesses and was the mistress of Odin for a time. Her identify is the foundation for our modern day-day Friday.)

In contrast to the crude art of the Viking era, the Valhalla Collection is portrayed in the technical experience of Guilloché engraving and the artistic mastery of Difficult Enamel. The Assortment incorporates a few ranges of Guilloché and 3 hues of translucent and opaque tough enamel on each and every Selection piece.

The Medieval style of this Constrained Version demands three separate stages of engraving. The entire entire body of the pen is 1st reduce down to the amount of the qualifications, leaving the outlines of the rune stone and longship in large relief. The wave and granite styles are then engraved onto the surface of the body of the pen. The third stage of engraving applies the smaller serpent motif to the surface of the granite the more substantial serpent remaining elevated in high relief.

David Oscarson Valhalla Collection #033/088
medieval hammer

Image by s.yume
The Valhalla Assortment is the ninth in the David Oscarson™ collection of Minimal Edition writing instruments. Made in 3 colour versions, every will be limited to production of 88 parts (such as fountain pens and roller balls).

From the Bronze Age to medieval moments, Viking mythology was the religion of Scandinavia. Today, legends of the Vikings are existing in all cultures as a consequence of their capacity to journey and plunder, leaving their marks across the deal with of Europe and the identified entire world. Known for their ‘longships’ and crude weaponry, the Vikings also developed a crude runic alphabet, noticed chiseled into huge granite rocks, known as rune stones they can be seen throughout most of modern-day Europe.

Valhalla (Valhöll) virtually translated signifies ‘Hall of the Slain” and is in essence a Viking heaven, or ‘Otherworld’ into which Viking warriors pass on leaving this lifestyle. It is a excellent structure – significantly like a Roman Coliseum – with 640 doorways, through each of which 960 champions can march shoulder to shoulder. Its rafters are spear shafts and its tiles are shields of gold. Right here, fallen champions invest all day gaming and fighting 1 an additional in fight. At the conclude of the day, the dead and wounded are all healed, so they can invest the evening feasting on the flesh of a boar whose flesh never diminishes and consuming from the udders of a magic goat.

In Valhalla, a few Viking gods prevail: the Nordic Trinity, Odin, Thor and Frey.

Odin, ‘God of the Slain’ and ‘All-Father’ lives all through all ages ruling his kingdom absolutely, governing all points great and tiny. He fashioned Heaven and Earth and is also credited for making Male and providing him an immortal spirit ‘which shall by no means perish however the physique crumble to dirt or melt away to ashes’. Odin is also the patron god of poetry and a single of his poems slithers in the form of a serpent in large relief on the cap of the Valhalla Selection. Virtually translated from runic script, the poem reads ‘he who would read the sacred runes is clever to waste no words’. Odin’s title is the foundation for our modern day Wednesday (Odinsdag).

Thor is of class the God of Thunder. He is the guardian of the entire world – the two of gods and men. His mighty hammer Mjöllnir is a brief-dealt with weapon (the dwarf who forged it was interrupted in his work by a gnat stinging him on the eyelid). Named right after lightning, or literally ‘ a thunderbolt’ it can be swung or thrown, and will often return to his hand like a boomerang. It is with this weapon that Thor maintains the balance of the entire world and keeps forces of chaos in examine. Thor’s identify is the foundation for our present day day Thursday (Thorsdag).

Frey is the god of fertility. He is the noblest of gods. He controls the rain and sunshine and as a result the all-natural boost of the earth and it is great to phone on him for fruitful seasons and for peace he also controls the good fortunes of guys. Frey was the paramount god of the Swedes and revered as the divine ancestor of their kings. Frey is mentioned to have developed the fantastic temple at Uppsala (just north of Stockholm) when he manufactured it his chief seat and the Swedes produced sacrifices to him at weddings: ‘He bestows peace and pleasure on mortals’. In Norse mythology, Frey is remembered as a symbol of the divine marriage amongst the sky and the earth that creates Spring. (His twin sister, Freyja, is the most outstanding of the goddesses and was the mistress of Odin for a time. Her name is the foundation for our modern-day Friday.)

In contrast to the crude artwork of the Viking era, the Valhalla Collection is portrayed in the technical expertise of Guilloché engraving and the creative mastery of Tough Enamel. The Assortment incorporates a few amounts of Guilloché and 3 hues of translucent and opaque tough enamel on each and every Selection piece.

The Medieval design of this Minimal Version needs a few separate levels of engraving. The whole body of the pen is first reduce down to the stage of the history, leaving the outlines of the rune stone and longship in high relief. The wave and granite styles are then engraved onto the surface area of the human body of the pen. The third stage of engraving applies the more compact serpent motif to the surface of the granite the more substantial serpent remaining elevated in high relief.

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Good Medieval Hammer photographs

by admin on November 4, 2011

Some awesome medieval hammer photographs:

emissaries, allies or difficulty?
medieval hammer

Image by danielle_blue

Mr. Smith
medieval hammer

Picture by spaceamoeba
Meh. Rather self-explanatory.

Odershausen feiert
medieval hammer

Picture by Ela2007

From the medieval interval, the fulling of cloth usually was undertaken in a water mill, acknowledged as a fulling mill, a walk mill, or a tuck mill. In Wales, a fulling mill is referred to as a pandy. In these, the cloth was beaten with wooden hammers, recognized as fulling shares. Fulling stocks were of two varieties, falling stocks (functioning vertically) that had been used only for scouring, and driving or hanging stocks. In each situations the machinery was operated by cams on the shaft of a waterwheel or on a tappet wheel, which lifted the hammer.

Driving stocks had been pivotted so that the ‘foot’ (the head of the hammer) struck the cloth practically horizontally. The stock had a tub keeping the liquor and cloth. This was fairly rounded on the side away from the hammer, so that the cloth steadily turned, guaranteeing that all elements of it had been milled evenly. Nonetheless, the cloth was taken out about each and every two several hours to undo plaits and wrinkles. The ‘foot’ was around triangular in shape, with notches to assist the turning of the cloth.

Ein wirklich sehr interessnater Stand:
Walken!
Bei der Tuchherstellung ist Walken ein Arbeitsvorgang, der mit Filz vorgenommen wird und den Zweck hat, durch Verfilzung der Fasern im Gewebe Tuch und tuchartige Stoffe zu erzeugen. Das Walken wurde seit dem Hochmittelalter in Walkmühlen ausgeführt, wobei unter fließendem Wasser mit großen, über ein Wasserrad angetriebenen Hämmern auf das Content eingeschlagen wird. Die ursprünglichere Methode, insbesondere Wolle zu walken, ist, den Filz in Tücher einzuschlagen und rollend zu kneten. Diese Methode wird bei zentralasiatischen Steppenvölkern noch heutzutage angewandt, indem große Rollen aus Filz von Pferden herumgeschleppt werden.

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Cool Medieval Hammer images

by admin on October 12, 2011

A number of wonderful medieval hammer pictures I found:

St. Anne ceramic tile pendant necklace
medieval hammer

Picture by MiddleEarths
This ‘Santa Anna’ tile was located on a lava stone walled house, so stunning with its deep cobalt blue, weathered by time..and now.. caught in this instant.

The first image of St. Anne was taken by me ‘in situ’, the tile found on a lava stone wall protecting a crumbling ‘quinta’ (farm).
The image was digitally improved, transferred to polymer clay, fired and distressed and then lastly set into a hammered sterling silver setting which hangs from a tiny lava stone ball

Hunt
medieval hammer

Image by Matthias17
This previous mining car (&quotHunt&quot in German) was identified in a medieval silver adit – the modest beginnings of railway happened beneath ground!

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