Medieval Clothing

St. Stephen stained glass, High Beech

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St. Stephen stained glass, High Beech
medieval clothes
Image by TheRevSteve
Stained glass window in the church of the Holy Innocents, High Beech.
Depicts St. Stephen, the first recorded Christian martyr (see Acts 7:58-60). Rather improbably, he is clothed and tonsured as a mediaeval priest.
At his feet are children representing the Holy Innocents.
Glass by Whitefriars.

Time for desires / Momento para los deseos
medieval clothes
Image by . SantiMB .
Cabo Finisterre – Fisterra, A Coruña (Spain).

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Cape Finisterre (Galician: Cabo Fisterra) is a rock-bound peninsula on the west coast of Galicia, Spain.

Cape Finisterre is sometimes said to be the westernmost point of the Iberian Peninsula. However, this is not correct, since other locations are farther west.

Monte Facho is the name of the mountain on Cape Finisterre, which has a peak that is 238 meters above sea level. A prominent lighthouse is at the top of Monte Facho. The seaside town of Fisterra is nearby.

Cape Finisterre has some spectacular beaches, including O Rostro, Arnela, Mar de Fora, Langosteira, Riveira, and Corbeiro. Many of the beaches are framed by steep cliffs leading down to the "Mare Tenebrosum" (or dark sea, the name of the Atlantic in the Middle Ages).

There are several rocks in this area associated with religious legends, such as the "holy stones", the "stained wine stones", the "stone chair", and the tomb of the Celtic crone-goddess Orcabella.

Cape Finisterre is the final destination for many pilgrims on the Way of St. James, the pilgrimage to the shrine of the apostle Saint James the Great in the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela. Cape Finisterre is about a 90-km walk from Santiago de Compostela. It is a recent tradition for pilgrims to burn their clothes or boots at the end of their journey at Cape Finisterre.

The origin of the pilgrimage to Finisterre is not certain. However, it is believed to date from pre-Christian times and was possibly associated with Finisterre’s status as the "edge of the world". The tradition continued in medieval times, when "hospitals" were established to cater to pilgrims along the route from Santiago de Compostela to Finisterre.

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El Cabo Finisterre (Cabo Fisterra, en gallego) es un cabo situado en la costa atlántica de España, en el municipio gallego de Finisterre.

Se dice que el cabo Finisterre es el punto más occidental de la península ibérica. Sin embargo, esto no es correcto, puesto que hay otras localizaciones más al oeste.

Monte Facho es el nombre del monte del cabo Finisterre, que tiene un pico que se eleva 238 metros sobre nivel del mar. Hay un faro en la cima de Monte Facho. Cerca está la ciudad costera de Fisterra.

El cabo Finisterre tiene algunas playas espectaculares, incluyendo O Rostro, Arnela, Mar de Fora, Langosteira, Riveira, y Corbeiro. Muchas de las playas son enmarcadas por los escarpados acantilados que conducen al “Mare Tenebrosum” (o mar oscuro, el nombre del Atlántico en la Edad Media).

Hay varias rocas en esta área asociada a leyendas religiosas, tales como las “piedras santas”, las “rocas manchadas de vino”, la “silla de piedra”, y la tumba de la diosa céltica Orcabella.

El cabo Finisterre es el destino final para muchos peregrinos del Camino de Santiago, el peregrinaje a la capilla del apóstol Santiago el Grande en la catedral de Santiago de Compostela. El cabo Finisterre está alrededor unos 90 kilómetros de camino desde Santiago de Compostela. Es una tradición reciente para los peregrinos se quemar sus ropas o mochilas en el final de su viaje en el cabo Finisterre.

No está claro el origen de la peregrinación a Finisterre. Se cree que data de tiempos pre-Cristianos y fue asociado posiblemente al estatus de Finisterre como el “final del mundo”. La tradición continuó en épocas medievales, cuando se establecieron “hospitales” para abastecer a los peregrinos a lo largo de la ruta de Santiago de Compostela a Finisterre.

PUGIN CHAPEL – Waterford
medieval clothes
Image by Fergal of Claddagh
Stained glass window of the Baptism of Jesus and the Transfiguration. St Matthew is represented in the small piece above. This is in the Chapel in the former Presentation Convent in Waterford.

Designed by Augustus Welby Northmore Pugin, 1812 to 1852

Fans of Gothic fashions should find this man interesting. It is said that his interest in Gothic style stemmed from working as an illustrator of medieval novels and stories. In the mid-nineteenth century the Georgians dominated architecture with their pseudo-Grecian style that is referred to as neo-Classical. It led Pugin to believe that the correct form of architecture for Christian worship was the Gothic style and he commenced the Gothic revival.

Many people believed him and to this day, most practicing Christians have a great fondness for ‘traditional’ churches over other styles. Despite their size the buildings can be quite immanent and although cold they are often cosy. Many devout people like the way you can hide behind the pillars and be alone in a sacred place that has many others in it at the same time. The larger cathedrals and churches do not fare so well in this regard as they can be as cavernous as the neo-Classical or the churches built in the 1970s and 1980s.

Decorated wood and stone were the materials that Pugin blended so successfully in his designs. The light of the stained glass warms the wooden panels of the high timbered roof and walls. Here there is a sense of being in a place with strength of stone, comfort of trees and beauty of light.

There are very few examples of Pugin churches intact today. Most have been adapted for modern liturgy but this one is almost intact. The Rood Screen is still in place and the altar has not been separated to facilitate the dialogue mass. The Chair-stalls are intact and the original pipe-organ was never replaced with a Casio keyboard with a drum machine. Irish neutrality in the war of 1939-1945 also meant that a lot of our stained glass survived those terrible years.

Pugin also used the elaborate tiles made by the Minton company is Staffordshire. The tiles in the sanctuary are intact and original. The pattern in the tiles was used to give the priest, deacon and sub-deacon their positions during High Mass so they had more than just a decorative function.

The chapel is open to public viewing and there is no admission charge. Naturally there is a preservation order on it. It is situated in Dr Mark Rowe’s new Waterford Health Park see; and an absolute must-see for any Goth visiting Waterford!

The Baptism of Jesus
Then Jesus appeared: he came from Galilee to the Jordan to be baptised by John. John tried to dissuade him. ‘It is I who need baptism from you’ he said ‘and yet you come to me!’ But Jesus replied, ‘Leave it like this for the time being; it is fitting that we should, in this way, do all that righteousness demands’. At this, John gave in to him. As soon as Jesus was baptised he came up from the water, and suddenly the heavens opened and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and coming down on him. And a voice spoke from heaven, ‘This is my Son, the Beloved; my favour rests on him’.

The transfiguration
Six days later, Jesus took with him Peter and James and his brother John and led them up a high mountain where they could be alone. There in their presence he was transfigured: his face shone like the sun and his clothes became as white as the light.
Suddenly Moses and Elijah appeared to them; they were talking with him.
Then Peter spoke to Jesus. ‘Lord,’ he said ‘it is wonderful for us to be here; if you wish, I will make three tents here, one for you, one for Moses and one for Elijah.’ He was still speaking when suddenly a bright cloud covered them with shadow, and from the cloud there came a voice which said, ‘This is my Son, the Beloved; he enjoys my favour. Listen to him.’
When they heard this the disciples fell on their faces overcome with fear. But Jesus came up and touched them. ‘Stand up,’ he said ‘do not be afraid.’ And when they raised their eyes they saw no one but only Jesus.

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